What is Line Dancing?
A line dance is choreographed dance with a repeated sequence of steps in which a group of people dance in one or more lines or rows without regard for the gender of the individuals, all facing the same direction, and executing the steps at the same time. Line dancers are not in physical contact with each other.
Older "line dances" have lines in which the dancers face each other, or the "line" is a circle, or all dancers in the "line" follow a leader around the dance floor; while holding the hand of the dancers beside them. [from Wikipedia]
Line dancing is a formation dance that has origins reaching back into traditional folk dancing. Since the latter part of the 20th century, line dancing has been more closely identified with country and western music, although there are examples of the group dance found with pop music as well. Many country music clubs
today regularly hold line dances for their customers, with all patrons invited to participate.
The basics of line dancing are very simple. Participants stand in either a single line or a succession of parallel lines if the number of people and the amount of floor space require this
arrangement. While the dancers will move without touching one another, they will execute the same moves at the same time. This gives line dancing a strong sense of cohesiveness, even though there is no physical interaction between the participants.
With line dancing, the movement that takes place is normally queued off what is known as the count. Generally, one count is equal to one musical beat. Movements take place at each beat.
While the basics of line dancing address movements of the feet and legs, more complicated dance routines will also include hand movements and even facial expressions as part of the overall effect.
Often a staple with folk music and dancing around the world, the concept of line dancing began to take hold in other genres during the 1960’s and 1970’s. Country music was the first to embrace line dancing, and remains the foundation for many of the more popular line dances today. However, pop music also has made use of line dancing from time to time. While many musicologists identify line dancing with the disco era of the late 1970’s and the early 1980’s, others note that line dances such as the Hustle were popular as early as 1974.
Today, many different musical genres are compatible with the art of line dancing. Along with folk, country, and pop music, line dancing can also be employed with Swing, Big Band, and Celtic music. The symmetry and graceful movements that are often a part of basic line dancing make it possible for just about anyone to enjoy this form of dancing. [from WiseGeek]